Seed Type Definitions
Open-pollinated: These seeds are usually pollinated by natural agencies (i.e. wind or insects) rather than human intervention. Sometimes, gardeners will help these plants pollinate in order to keep the variety pure. Seeds from open-pollinated plants can be saved to grow the next season. Their offspring will be "true", meaning they will be exact duplicates of their parent plants. (See "hybrid" below.)
Heirloom Seeds: Heirloom seeds are those that can be traced back at least a century and are not hybridized, which means they reproduce in a natural, or open, pollination process.
Old-Fashioned Seeds: These seeds may or may not be open-pollinated, and the varieties are usually between 50 - 100 years old.
Hybrid Seeds: These seeds come from a cross between to parent varieties and are bred for specific qualities such as longevity or disease resistance. Very often, the seeds from such plants are sterile, or if they do germinate, the plants do not grow identical to the parents.
Seed & Garden Supply Companies
- Seeds, plants & supplies. Free Catalog & Online Shopping
- All open-pollinated and untreated seeds. They also carry garden supplies and books. Online ordering only.
Seeds of Change
- Organic, open-pollinated, and hybrid seed varieties. Free Catalog and Online Shopping
Southern Exposure Seed Exchange
- Heirloom and other open-pollinated varieties of vegetable, flower and herb seeds, specifically for Mid-Atlantic & Southern US. Free Catalog & Online Shopping. (Great for us in the South!)
- Fruit trees & bushes, vegetables, flowers, etc. Free Catalog & Online Shopping. (One of our favorites!)
- Bulbs, Root stock, etc. Free Catalog & Online Shopping
- "Seeds From Around the World" - unusual and hard to find seeds, and exotic seeds from other lands. Online only
Richters Herb Specialists
- Out of Canada, but a terrific source for herb plants & seeds. Healthy & strong! Free catalog & online shopping. (The only place I'll buy herb plants!)
Seed Savers Exchange
- a non-profit organization of gardeners dedicated to saving and sharing heirloom seeds. Free catalog & Online shopping. (A VERY good source for heirloom and open-pollinated seeds! Another family favorite!)
Thompson & Morgan
- English seeds in the U.S.! Free packet of seeds with every order, free sowing guide with $50+ order, free nutrition guide with purchase of any 2 packets of vegetable seeds. Free catalog & Online Ordering
- Famous for their hot pepper seeds, but they also carry other vegetables, etc.
Peaceful Valley Farm & Garden Supply
- Organic seeds, plants & bare root stock, as well as organic gardening supplies, books, etc. Free Catalog & Online Shopping. (Another of our favorites!)
- "Environmentally Responsible Products That Work
!" For Garden, Pets, Home. Free Catalog & Online Shopping. Frequent $$ or % off coupons! (One of our family favorites!)